12th Nov 2013 – ECHR found Turkey guilty of “bombarding Kumçatı and Koçağlı villages in 1994”, ordering Turkey to pay 38 applicants a sum of 2,305,000 euros.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found Turkey guilty of “bombarding a village”, ordering Turkey to pay 38 applicants a sum of 2,305,000 euros as non-pecuniary damages and 5,700 euros as pecuniary damages. Launched 19 years ago, the official investigation yielded no results.
Survivors ran way after packing
On 26 March 1994, a range of Turkish military aircraft fired on and bombed Kumçatı and Koçağlı villages, killing 38 of the inhabitants, injuring others and destroying most of the property and livestock. Following the incident, Kuşkonar villagers fled and never returned to their villages again. As the majority of the men from the villages were out working in the fields, most of the victims were children, women or the elderly. The applicants claimed that no members of the PKK were in the villages at the time.Though the residents of the villages heard the sound of aircraft prior to the attack, they did not expect the bombing; planes and helicopters had often been heard in the area conducting reconnaissance and bombing missions against the PKK in the nearby mountains, but they had never attacked the villages.
- European Court declares Turkey responsible for bombing Kurds in 1994 (therebel.org)
- European Court of Human Rights issues important verdict on 1994 Bombing (humanrightsturkey.org)